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Phonics

At our school we value the importance of developing early reading and writing skills. Stories are an integral part of our EYFS and KS1 classes in enhancing children's love for reading and language development. Our skilled practitioners model early Literacy skills as they share books, sing songs and support children's carefully planned play opportunities. 

Children from Nursery to Year 2 follow the synthetic Phonics programme Letters and Sounds. This begins at Phase 1 where children learn to listen and respond to sounds through to Phase 6 where children explore spelling patterns and rules. 

http://www.letters-and-sounds.com/what-is-letters-and-sounds.html

Letters and Sounds is supplemented by Monster Phonics, a scheme of work for synthetic phonics-based reading and writing. Pupils learn Phonics skills through multisensory activities, songs, videos, games and stories which our children love. Monster Phonics’ colour-coded grapheme system pairs a coloured grapheme with a monster character that makes the same sound to give audio-visual prompts that help children learn new phonemes.

More information about the scheme can be found here:

https://monsterphonics.com/

KEY PHONICS TERMIMOLOGY 

Phoneme - The smallest unit of sound. There are approximately 44 phonemes in English. Phonemes can be put together to make words.

Grapheme - A way of writing down a phoneme. Graphemes can be made up from 1 letter e.g. p, 2 letters e.g. sh, 3 letters e.g. igh or 4 letters e.g ough.

GPC - This is short for Grapheme Phoneme Correspondence. Knowing a GPC means being able to match a phoneme to a grapheme and vice versa.

Digraph - A grapheme containing two letters that makes just one sound (phoneme).

Trigraph - A grapheme containing three letters that makes just one sound (phoneme).

Oral Blending - This involves hearing phonemes and being able to merge them together to make a word. Children need to develop this skill before they will be able to blend written words.

Blending- This involves looking at a written word, looking at each grapheme and using knowledge of GPCs to work out which phoneme each grapheme represents and then merging these phonemes together to make a word. This is the basis of reading.

Oral Segmenting - This is the act hearing a whole word and then splitting it up into the phonemes that make it. Children need to develop this skill before they will be able to segment words to spell them.

Segmenting - This involves hearing a word, splitting it up into the phonemes that make it, using knowledge of GPCs to work out which graphemes represent those phonemes and then writing those graphemes down in the right order. This is the basis of spelling.